50 Pair Emu Farming Project Report and Business Plan

50 Pair Emu Farming Project Report.
50 Pair Emu Farming Project Report.

50 Pair Emu Farming Project Report:

The following details are about 50 Pair Emu Farming Project Report.

Introduction To 50 Pair Emu Farming Project

Emu farming is another kind of poultry business where people are getting good profits with a proper emu farming business plan. Emu bird is native to Australia. However, raising emu birds commercially in other parts of the world spread like wildfire due to huge profits involved in it. Emu has excellent immune power and hardly suffers any diseases. Emu birds can feed on pulses, grass, cereal grains, fruits, vegetables, insects etc. Every part of emu bird is commercially valuable. Emu birds are dark whitish complexion with hard skin and these birds are social animals and live only in groups. They can survive in adverse climatic conditions (0°C to 54°C). Emu comes under the exotic bird. Most of the Indian states are growing Emu birds on a commercial scale. The demand for emu meat is high due to its medicinal values. If you are planning to start an emu farming in India, you can get financial assistance from NABARD. It is advised to get some Emu farming training before starting on a large scale. The following gives an idea of project cost and profits in emu farming business.

Scientific of Emu Bird

  • Dromaius novaehollandiae.

Commercially Marketable Emu Products in 50 Pair Emu Farming Project

  • Emu Eggs.
  • Emu Chicks.
  • Emu Oil.
  • Emu Meat.
  • Emu Skin.
  • Emu Feathers.
  • Emu Nails.

Some Facts About Emu Birds

Emu Egg.
Emu Egg.
  • Usually, 1-year-old emu bird will weigh about 35 to 40 kg and can be a height of 6 feet.
  • Emu birds change colors at different stages, a newborn will have stripes after 4 to 5 months it changes to chocolate brown color and after 13 to 14 months, again there will be a change in body color.
  • Usually, the feathers on the neck of emu will fall off and it looks greenish/bluish.
  • The feathers of emu will have multiple colors
  • Emu birds will be ready for reproduction and the age of 18 months.
  • Female Emu birds can lay up to 32 to 33 eggs.
  • Emu eggs vary in size and color. usually, the egg is dark green color.
  • Emu birds require 3 to 4 times food per day.
  • Emu birds require 8 to 10 liter of fresh water daily.
  • Emu egg is 10 times bigger than chicken/hen egg.
  • Emu eggs weigh about 600 grams to 700 grams (with 5-inch length).
  • Male emu bird incubates the eggs for 50 to 55 days.
  • Emu bird chicks weigh about 350 to 450 grams an about 67% of egg weight) depending on the size of an egg.
  • Female Emu bird usually lays an egg after every three days.
  • The breeding season for emu usually is six months (October to March in India)
  • Emu lifespan is about 40 years and reproduction is about 20 to 25 years.
  • Female Emu birds can produce 30 to 32 chicks per year.

Emu Farming Advantages

  • Emu meat has good medicinal values. It is if low fat and cholesterol with a good source of protein.
  • Every part of Emu is valuable. You can earn huge money with eggs, meat, skin, oil, features, and nails. These products have good market value both in domestic and international markets.
  • When compared to other poultry birds, Emu consumes less quantity of feed and convert them to various types of valuable and marketable products. They can even survive in drought-prone areas where less feed is available.
  • Emu birds are social animals can be raised with other livestock animals like chickens, ducks, quails etc.
  • Emu birds have a strong immune system and can have fewer diseases. These birds hardy and can easily adapted to any agro-climatic regions. They are very well suited for Indian climate as well.
  • Commercial Emu farming is a lucrative and profitable venture which can provide employment in rural and urban areas. Farmers can earn extra income with this farming along with other livestock business.
  • People who cannot able to afford the setup cost, there is an option of getting a loan from NABARD.
  • Commercial Emu farming doesn’t require any special skills. However, it requires dedication and hard work.

What Are Main Inputs Result In A Profitable 50 Pair Emu Farming Project

  • The business plan of an Emu.
  • Farm Location of Emu.
  • Chick Management of Emu.
  • Grower Management of Emu.
  • Breeder Management of Emu.
  • Feed Management of Emu.
  • Care and Management of Emu.
  • Marketing of Emu.

NABARD Loan Assistance For Commercial 50 Pair Emu Farming Project

To apply for Emu Farming schemes very large outlays, detailed reports should be prepared. This reports will all the technical information about your farm including location to marketing. You can get the forms at nearest Regional Rural Banks or co-operative banks. You can get a help of technical officer in the bank in order to prepare an Emu farming project report. You can also contact any NABARD branch for more details of commercial emu farming schemes for loans.

50 Pair Emu Farming Project Business Plan

Emu with Chicks.
Emu with Chicks.
  • You can start a commercial Emu farm business with 1 acre of farmland.
  • You should buy 90 days old Emu chicks from certified Emu breeders. It is better to purchase a minimum of 40 to 50 pairs.
  • Emu birds social animals and is grown in groups. for example, a 16 birds group need 56 feet x 56 feet space with 6 to 7 feet height fence.
  • You should ensure the farm with good organic feed and purified drinking water.
  • You need to understand that Emu birds first yields only in the winter season and after completion of 21 to 22 months.
  • You can obtain 12 to 15 eggs from the first yield and later 20 to 25 eggs in every yield.
  • In commercial emu farming project, chicks sale is better than eggs sale as chicks sale fetches more profits.

Bio-security Measures in Commercial 50 Pair Emu Farming Project

  • Ensure the emu farm location is away from the population, industrial areas, and any other disturbances.
  • You should build an emu house with proper and sufficient breeding facilities.
  • You should carry out disinfection procedures in commercial emu farming project.
  • The quarantine shelters should be built separately and away from other shelters of emu farming project.
  • With a help of a veterinary doctor, carry out routine disease monitoring procedures.
  • In commercial emu farming project, water source should be tested for minerals, bacteria, chemicals, and contaminations.
  • Ensure optimal brooding space in Emu house.
  • Ensure to make provision of showers, change over and dips in the house.
  • You should take care of feed storage and water quality to prevent from any contaminations.
  • Ensure to dispose or destroy the bedding / dead birds without harming the environment.
  • The equipment used in emu farming project should be disinfected and separated.
  • You must ensure the farm has good water sanitation system.

Cost and Profits Analysis of 50 Pair Emu Farming Project

Emu Cost and Profits.
Emu Cost and Profits.

Project assumptions in 50 pair emu farming project :

  • Land: Own (2 acres).
  • Emu Birds: 50 pairs.

The following emu project report includes:

  • Investment for 50 pair emu farming project.
  • 4 years farm maintenance expenditure in 50 pair emu farming project.
  • 50 Pair Emu Farming Project Profits.
  • Gross Profit every year after 4th year in 50 Pair Emu Farming Project.
  • Net Profit per month in 50 Pair Emu Farming Project.
  • 50 Pair Emu Farming Project Proft for four years.
Investment of 50 Pair Emu Farming Project
Emu Housing / Shelter: 200 square feet/pair of emu @ Rs 80/square feet.Rs. 8,00,000
Hatchery, generator, and room for the generator.Rs. 5,00,000
Equipment: brooders, feeders, and waterers.Rs. 30,000
Emu chicks cost @ Rs. 4500 / bird (4500 x 100 (50 pairs)).Rs. 4,50,000
Feed cost up to egg production age of birds.Rs. 7,36,000
Other expenses like litter,  and medicines @ Rs. 100 / bird ( 100 x Rs.100).Rs. 10,000
Total cost incurred up to egg laying stage  Rs. 25,26,000
Entrepreneur’s contribution – 25% = 25,26,000 x 75/100.Rs. 18,94,500


Emu farm maintenance expenditure for Four years period
Emu chick cost @ Rs. 4500 / bird.Rs. 4,50,000
Feed cost up to egg production age of two years.Rs. 7,36,000
After 2 years, feed Consumption: 1 kg/day / bird / 2 years.Rs. 11,40,000
Miscellaneous / Other expenditure.Rs. 10,000
Depreciation (Four Years)

1.      On Shelter / Housing investment @ 10%   = Rs.2,87,432

2.      On equipment including hatchery and others @ 15% (Hatchery plus General equipment) (5,00,000 + 30,000) = Rs.2,53,336

Labor cost for 4 years.Rs. 1,50,000
Hatchery running expenses including power charges.Rs.1,50,000
Bank interest (14%)Rs. 4, 93,328
TotalRs. 36,70,096


Profits in 50 Pair Emu Farming Project
Sale of emu bird chicks considering average 20 eggs / year,  total eggs per year 1000 number (40 eggs x 50 birds = 2000 eggs produced) Chicks 70% Hatchability which is  2000 x 70 / 100 = 1400 eggs Emu chick mortality assumed at 15% and sale @ Rs. 4500 / chick

Total of 1190 chicks x Rs. 4500 / chick.

Rs. 53,55,000
Empty gunnies about 1800 x @ Rs.10 / bag.Rs. 18,000
Total Profit Rs. 53,73,000
Net Profit for four years   Total cost – Total profit = Rs. 53,73,000 – Rs. 36,70,096 = Rs. 17,02,904
Net Profit/month during first four years Rs. 35,477
From 5th year onwards there is no expenditure on chicks and you incur only expenses on feeding to the breeding.26,80,000 – 8,65,151 = Rs. 18,14,849    
Gross Profit every year after 4th year  Rs. 18,14,849
Net Profit per month Rs. 1,51,237

Emu Farming Training and Hatchery Centers in India

  1. Simran Emu Farm and Hatchery

At Post Niwali, Tal. Chiplun,

Dist. Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. India.

Phone: 02355-265675.

  1. Sami’s Emu Rearing and Emu Farming

Cabin no. 20/A, 3rd Floor, Vasta House

Noble Chambers, Near R.P.I House,

Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Contact e-mail: gujralraman@yahoo.com

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