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Growing Mangoes In Containers.
Growing Mangoes In Containers.

Growing Mangoes In Containers Information

Growing Mangoes In Containers:

The following information is about Growing Mangoes In Containers.

Introduction To Mango

Mangoes are juicy stone fruits native to India, there are cultivated for their tangy and sweet juicy fruits. Mangoes have sweet texture and taste, comes in many colors. Mangoes are cultivated in frost-free tropical and warmer subtropical climates. Half of the world’s mangoes are produced in India. Mangoes are rich source of dietary fiber, vitamin A, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C. Growing mangoes in containers is not a difficult task. You can grow mangoes using containers, big pots by placing them on terraces, balconies, backyards and other indoor places where you get required sunlight.

  • Scientific Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Common Name: Mango.
  • Family: Mango belongs to the family of the Anacardiaceae.

Mango in Indian Languages

Mangoes.
Mangoes.
  • English: Mango.
  • Tamil: Mampazham/Manka.
  • Malayalam: Mampazham.
  • Telugu: Mamidi Kaya/Mamidi Pandu.
  • Kannada: MavinaHanni/Mavinkaya.
  • Hindi: Aam/Keri.
  • Bengali: Aam.
  • Konkani: Ambo.
  • Marathi: Amba.
  • Oriya: Amba.
  • Punjabi: Amb/Aam.
  • Kashmiri: Amb.

Types of Mangoes for Growing Mangoes In Containers

Mango Tree In Backyard Container.
Mango Tree In Backyard Container.

It is possible to grow a mango tree in containers, but you should choose suitable dwarf varieties. There are more 500+ varieties of mangoes are grown widely. A mango tree can live for 100 years. Dwarf mango trees are compact trees growing up to 2 to 4 meters in suitable containers.

Some Best Varieties for Growing Mangoes In Containers

Irwin: this dwarf variety fruits has a sweet, mild flavor gives moderate yields. These mangoes have red, purple skin color. These are mid-season fruits, and these are low resistant to diseases.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical Regions.
  • Height: 2 to 3 m.
  • Time for Harvesting: 4-5 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: March, April.

Nam Doc Mai: Nam Doc Mai mangoes are called as king of mangoes. It is the best variety to grow in containers. These mangoes have green to yellow colored skin, eaten green and ripe.

  • Scientific Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Fruit Types: Dried and sweet fruits.
  • Height: 2 to 3meters.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical.
  • Time to harvest: 4-5years.
  • Harvesting season: March, April.

King Thai: Semi dwarf tree suitable for home gardening. These fruits have green skin and ripen to yellow blushed yellow fruits.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Common Names: MahaChanok, Rainbow Mango.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical Regions.
  • Height: 1 to 2 ½ meters.
  • Time for Harvesting: 4-5 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: February, March.

Carrie: This is a semi dwarf variety plants grows well in containers. This mango has fibreless flesh with an amazing sweet taste. These plants are more disease resistant and need minimal care for fruits and trees.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Common Names: MahaChanok, Rainbow Mango.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical Regions.
  • Height: 1 to 2 ½ meters.
  • Time for Harvesting: 3 to 4 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: June and July.

Palmer: This is semi-dwarf mango tree, with bright purple and red colored skin with fibreless flesh. These plants are suitable to grow in containers.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical Regions.
  • Height: 1 to 2 ½ meters.
  • Time for Harvesting: 4-5 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: March, April and May.

Sensation: These are an old variety of mangoes; these mangoes have gorgeous colored skin with good blush and a delicious juicy flavor.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical Regions.
  • Height: 1 to 2 ½ meters.
  • Time for Harvesting: 4 to 5 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: February, March and April.

Kiet: A California variety mango, these oranges turn from orange, green to bright green when ripe. These mangoes have a lovely smooth texture, with fibreless flesh with golden orange with a sweet taste.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical Regions.
  • Height: 1 to 2 ½ meters.
  • Time for Harvesting: 4 to 5 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: March, April, and May.

Neelam: Neelam Dwarf Variety Mango trees that grow well in containers. These mangoes are smooth skinned and bright yellow upon ripening and its flesh is deep yellow or orange. These mangoes are harvested when they are green and ripened at room temperature off the tree.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical Regions.
  • Height: 1 meter to 2 meters
  • Time for Harvesting: 4 to 5 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: May to January.

Glenn: Glenn mangoes are sweet, juicy mangoes with no fiber. These mango trees are disease resistant and grow very quickly.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical and Subtropical Regions.
  • Height: 2 ½ meters to 5 meters.
  • Time for Harvesting: 4 years to 5 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: March, April and May.

Ice Cream Mango Trees: These are an excellent choice for growing in containers. These popular as condo mango. These mangoes have rich, sweet flavors in yellow green color.

  • Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica.
  • Fruit types: Dried fruit and sweet fruits.
  • Suitable Climate: Tropical.
  • Height: Six feet.
  • Time for Harvesting: 3 to 4 years.
  • Harvesting Seasons: May to January.

Steps for Growing Mangoes In Containers:Dwarf variety mango trees are similar to ordinary mango trees. Dwarf mango trees grow comfortably in containers, by taking a proper care.

Best Climate for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Mango trees are climate resistant, they can tolerate wide range climates.
  • You can grow your plants successfully in hot summer, very humid to cool and dry to very hot and arid.
  • Mangoes can survive high rainfall areas, even in low rainfall areas.
  • Grow mango trees successfully in containers in any climate.
  • The best season to plant dwarf mango tree in the container is spring.
  • In some native mango countries like India, Philippines, Bangladesh, Pakistan, etc. they planted beginning of rainy season (June and July) or after the rainy season.

The best temperature for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Mango trees grow well in USDA zones 8,9 and 10 with proper care.
  • Mango trees are temperature resistant, grown well, even in temperature more than 45 degrees.
  • Mango trees cannot tolerate temperature lower than 5 degrees.
  • Low temperatures cause the reduction yields and fall of blossoms.

Best Containers for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Dwarf mango trees grow from 4 to 8 feet tall, so select the container depending on the type of your mango tree.
  • Minimum size should be 20 inch depth and 20 inch width. The container should have a good draining facility.
  • Clay container, terracotta container or plastic container best choice for growing mango trees.
  • Wash your container properly with bleach, water and a steel brush. Rinse the pot with cleaning thoroughly until bleach smell goes off.
  • Add a layer of broken pottery at the bottom of the container.
  • Add another layer of gravel to the bottom of the container.
  • Fill the water in the container, check whether water drains out properly.

Potting mix for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • It is recommended to use a high-quality potting mix instead of using garden soil.
  • Select the potting mix with rich organic matter and nutrients.
  • Before planting mix your potting mix with premium compost, pumice and mulch.
  • If you are using gardening soil, soils should be well drained, slightly acidic with the pH level of the soil should be 5.5 to 7-5.
  • Homemade potting soil: 40% of compost + 40% of mulch + rich fertile soil.

Growing Mangoes In Containers:

Growing Mangoes In Containers.
Growing Mangoes In Containers.

How to Propagate Mangoes for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Propagating mangoes from seeds it not a good idea, as seeds takes minimum 7 to 8 years to grow and produce fruits. And then also we cannot guarantee the fruits and its variety.
  • Grafting is the best method to propagate mangoes. Many varieties mangoes trees available for growing in containers. Choose the best from the local nurseries or garden centers or horticultural units.
  • Grafted mango trees produce fruit in 3 to 4 years. They increase production after the 5th year of planting.

Grafting Methods for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Select the suitable variety mango tree, get the complete information from nurseries about the plant carefully and get a suitable potting mix.
  • Fill the ½ of the container with potting soil and remove the plant from nursery container and center it on the potting soil.
  • Take someone help to hold the plant steady, while you fill the container with potting soil. Leave 2-inch gap between the soil surface and the rim of the container. Pat down the soil with your hand.
  • Now cover the soil with mulch, don’t allow the mulch to touch the tree trunk.
  • Water the plants and place the tree in the container in sunlight.
  • Place a support of a stake for fruit bearing branches.

Water Requirement for Growing Mangoes In Containers:

  • Water the plants frequently in week during warm and dry seasons.
  • Water the plants once in 10 days during the winter season.
  • Mango tree needs good moisture to grow well, water logging should be avoided. Water logging in the container may damage the roots of the plant.

Sunlight for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Mangoes trees love sun, they need 7 to 8 hours sun daily for a healthy growth and good productivity.
  • To get good sunlight always face your south faced in your garden.

Best place for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Mango tree needs good sun, air and water resources.
  • Place them in outdoor like balconies, terrace or in your walk through where you get sunlight.
  • Mangoes are also grown in indoor, but you should make special arrangement to provide light and heat.

Fertilizers for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Feed the mango trees with balanced fertilizers when they are growing healthily.
  • At the stage of blooming use fertilizers with low levels of nitrogen and high levels of potassium and phosphorous.
  • Feed the plants with fish emulsion from spring to till summer every year.
  • Fish emulsion increases the nutrient in the soil that promotes production of nutrient rich juicy fruits.

Pinching and Pruning of Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Pinching improves the bushier growth.
  • The Mango tree doesn’t require more pruning, but you should remove dead and diseases branches to control its shape.
  • Don’t prune mango trees intensively, it may decrease the fruits.

Winter Care for Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • If you are living in cold climates, use dark colored container to grow. Dark colored container absorbs the heat and provide the necessary warmth to the plants.
  • In winter, when the temperature starts going down, cover your containers with bubble wrap.
  • You move your containers to green houses or indoors in winter.

Pests and Diseases in Growing Mangoes In Containers

  • Pests that attack mango tree are hoppers, mealybugs, scale and spider Mites.
  • These the reduces the fruit production. So, to control these pests use organic pesticides.
  • Neem Oil: Neem Oil Spray can control hopper.
  • Salt Spray: For treating plants affected with spider mates, Spray affected area with warm water mixed with crystal salt.
  • For dehydrating Insects and their leaves- Spray mineral oil mixed with water (10-30 ml in 1 liter of water).
  • You can use eucalyptus oil on the trees to treat flies, bees and wasps.
  • Onion and Garlic Spray or flower tea are also natural medicine to cure common pests.
  • Diseases in mango trees:

Antracnose: This disease affects the trees very severely, symptoms are black, sunken uneven shapes lesions that cause blossom blight, leaf spotting, fruit staining and root rot. The disease affects in rainy season.

Powdery mildew: This is a fungal disease that affects leaves, blossoms and young fruits. Infected areas are covered with powder mold, this will destroy flowering panicles.

Mango Scab: This is a fungal disease that attacks flowers, fruits and twigs. Fruit lesions will have covered with corky, brown tissue and leave will be distorted.

  • And other diseases that affect the mango trees with Verticillium wilt, parasitic algal spot. All the susceptible areas of the should be coated with fungicide before infection.
  • Apply fungicide in the early spring and again 10 to 21 days to protect the panicles of blossom from fungal diseases during fruit development and fruit set.

Harvesting Mangoes as part of Growing Mangoes in Containers

  • Mangoes take 3 to 4 months to ripen, it depends on the climate and variety of the plant.
  • In summer fruits ripen fast, pick the fruits when have good aroma, color and soft.
  • Unripe mango fruits are also harvested, they ripen at room temperature.
  • Use pruning shears to pick the fruits, leave a 4 inch stem at the top of the fruit.
  • If you cut a short stem, a sticky sap exudes, which can cause sunburn. Sapburn causes black lesions on the fruit, leads to rot and cutting storage and usage time.

Storing Mangoes after Growing Mangoes in Containers

  • Ripening: You can pick unripe mangoes and keep them dry, dark at room temperature. Wrapping mangoes and storing at room temperature will speed up ripening time.
  • Raw mangoes stay fresh at room temperature for 2 to 3 days and after that they start ripening.
  • To store ripen mangoes, place them in the fridge. They stay fresh for 5 days.
  • Pealed and cubed mangoes stored in airtight container in the freezer stay fresh for about 6 months.

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