Growing Mint In Containers:
Introduction to Growing Mint In Containers: Amazing fragrant herbal plant with dark to light green colored toothed leaves and tiny purple, pink, or white colored flowers. Mint leaves are used in all the recipes and garnishing dishes for their amazing taste and aroma. Mint plants are suitable for growing in containers/terrace/backyards/indoors. The just need well-drained soil with good moisture and full sun. They grow well in wet environment and moisture soils. Mint can tolerate a wide range of weathers and grows fast round year. The most common and popular mints cultivated are peppermint, spearmint, sweet mint and apple mint. When the mint is grown in containers from seeds, mint leaves can be harvested in 90 to 100 days. When grown from cutting or seedling you can harvest them in a couple of weeks. Mint leaves are used have great medicinal values, used for stomach disorder, coughs and headaches. Mint leaves are a great source of menthol and iron.
- Common Name: Mint Leaves,
- Scientific Name: Mentha Pipero
- Family: Belongs to the family of Lamiaceae.
Mint in Indian Languages
- English: Mint leaves.
- Tamil: Pudina.
- Malayalam: Pudhinaa.
- Telugu: Pudhinakoora.
- Kannada: Pudina sopu.
- Hindi: Pudina.
- Bengali: PoodinaPatha.
- Gujarati: Fudino/Phodina.
- Konkani: Pudina/Vodthalaun.
- Marathi: Pudina.
- Oria: Podana Patra.
- Punjabi: Hara Pudina.
- Kashmiri: Pudanu.
- Urdu: Pudina.
Varieties of Mint for Growing Mint In Containers
There are many varieties mints, all the varieties require similar growing conditions. They need 3 to 4 hours complete sunlight with moist and well-drained soil. Each variety of mint has its own taste and flavor. Select the varieties as per growing conditions.
- Peppermint: Widely grown mint variety suitable for growing in containers, these have dark green leaves with great aroma and taste. Grows well in moist, shady locations. Grown in spring and fall seasons.
- Spearmint: Spearmint is also called common mint, these have green leaves with strong menthol flavor. Grows well in containers in full and partial shade. This mint needs well drained, fertile soil. The best season to plant the mint is spring and fall seasons.
- Pineapple Mint: Rare mint variety with sweet flavor, have bright green, white and yellow. Suitable for growing in containers and needs full sun to grow. Grown in spring, summer and fall seasons.
- Apple Mint or Wool Mint: Apple mint is also called fuzzy mint or woolly mint. Have bright green leaves have round shaped with toothed edges. Apple mint is suitable for containers, can be grown round the season.
- Pennyroyal: It is a rare variety mint, have light green colored leaves with purple flowers with mild aroma. Grows well in containers with full sun to partial shade. Grown in spring and fall seasons.
- Ginger Mint: It is also called slender mint or scotch mint, have green leaves with bright yellow stripes. Grows well in containers with full sun to partial shade. Grown in spring and fall seasons.
- Chocolate Mint: It has glossy green leaves with chocolate menthol taste, grows well in containers. Chocolate mint needs full sun to partial shade. Grown in spring and fall seasons.
- Red Raripila Mint: It has a lovely red and green leaves. Grows well in containers with full sun to partial shade. This mint leaves has a sweet menthol flavor. Grown in spring and fall seasons.
- Catmint: It produces a lavender-blue flowers with gray-green foliage. Grow well in containers with well-drained soil and full sun. Grown in summer and fall seasons
- Orange Mint: It has green leaves tinged with red color. Grows well in containers and need full sun to thrive. Grown in fall, spring and summer.
- Lavender Mint: It looks like peppermint, it has red stems and delicious floral overtones. Suitable for growing in containers and need well drained soil and full sun to thrive. Can be grown in all seasons.
- Grapefruit Mint: It has green leaves with unsweetened grapefruit taste. Grows well in containers and need full sun to partial shade. Grown in spring and fall.
- Corn or field Mint: It has green leaves and lavender/white blossoms. Grows well in containers, grown in the fall and spring.
- Basil Mint: It has a narrow-toothed leaf in bright green color with a red tinge. It has purple flowers over summer. This mint leaves have unique aroma with spicy mint fragrance. Grows well in fall and spring seasons.
- Sweet Mint: It has dark green leaves with slightly toothed edges. Grows well in containers with partial sun and well-drained soil. Grown in spring.
The Best Temperature for Growing Mint In Containers
- The Ideal temperature to grow mint is 15C to 30C.
- Mint can thrive in high temperature under proper care.
- Mint can also resistant cool temperatures, during frost the containers should be moved indoors.
The Best Location for Growing Mint In Containers
- Mint plants need the full to partial sun. They grow well in shade also.
- Place your container in backyards, terrace, windows, patios and indoors.
- Place the plants where they get good air and light when placed indoors.
The Soil for Growing Mint In Containers
- Using commercial potting is recommended for growing mint in containers.
- Potting mix promotes the growth of plants, protects from over watering and under watering.
- Combine the potting soil with rich compost, as plants needs rich and well-drained soil.
- Use soilless peat based potting mix with perlite or vermiculite that provides sufficient drainage and enough moisture for good leaf growth.
- If you are using garden soil, mint plant need fertile soil with pH levels from 6.0 to 7.0.
- Combine garden soil with sand or perlite and organic compost to make loose and well drained.
The Best Container for Growing Mint In Containers
- Mint plants need plenty space to grow, select a container of 8 to12 inches in diameters and 10 to 12-inch depth.
- The Container should have a good draining system. Plants need well drained soil to thrive.
- Place a saucer to place below the containers to avoid overflow and maintains soil temperature.
- Use the containers made of clay, terracotta, plastic or wood for growing mint.
The Best Season for Growing Mint In Containers
- Mint grows well in spring and fall seasons. Frost free climates are best to grow mints.
- If growing indoors, mint can be grown round the years.
Propagation for Growing Mint In Containers
Mint can be propagated from seeds and cuttings. You can get seeds from nurseries or online stores. Cutting or seedlings are available in the nurseries. Mints can be easily propagated from cuttings than seeds.
Growing Mint in Containers from Seeds
- Mint can also be propagated from seeds. However, growing mint from seeds is not a successful job and not recommended.
- If you are planning to grow from seeds, sow seeds in 3 to 4 inches containers.
- Fill the container with potting mix, leaving 1-inch space between the soil and the mouth of the containers.
- Dig ½ inch deep hole and sow 2 to 3 seeds. Cover with a thin layer of potting mix.
- Water the plant, cover container with a plastic cover to hold the moisture.
- Tighten the plastic cover elastic cover, so that the soil doesn’t get dry. Poke some holes in the cover light and air circulation to the seeds.
- Place the container in partial sun.
- Ideal temperature for mint seeds to germinate is 20°C to 23°C.
- Mint seeds take about 10 to 15 days to germinate.
Growing Mint in Containers from Cuttings
- For growing mint from cuttings, the plants you select should be inspected. Don’t select the plants with signs of diseases or pests.
- Select the stem below the leaves, where the leaves are emerging.
- Length of the cuttings should 8 to 10 cm.
- Remove leaves at the bottom of the stem.
- Handle the cutting the very careful without harming main stem.
- Cut the growing tip of the stem.
- Cuttings can be placed in the water or composts for generating stems.
- Growing in water: Place the cutting in a glass or small pot filled with water. Make sure that the half of the cutting merged in the water. It takes 5 to 10 days for forming roots. Maintain the water levels till root formation process.
- After 15 days transplant the cutting into the desired containers.
- Growing the mint from cuttings in soil: Cuttings can be directly inserted into the soil. Select 5 to 6-inch container. Fill the container with potting mix, make a hole in the middle of the container with a pencil.
- Insert the cutting into the soil and make the cutting firm with soil tapping the soil by hand.
- Water the cutting, place the cutting in the partial for 2 weeks.
- Water the plant regularly to keep the soil moist.
- Once the roots form and plants get firm, place the container in full sun for at least 5 to 6 hours.
- Provide mild fertilizer every month for proper growth of leaves.
Growing Mint in Container from Seedlings
You can grow mint from seedlings. Get seedlings of desired variety for nurseries. Plant them in 7 to 12-inch containers filled with potting soil. Plant the seedling in center of the container and water the plant. Place the container in full sun. Growing mint in the container or pot is very easy.
Water for Growing Mint in Containers
- Mint plants need moist soil to thrive.
- Moisture levels should be checked regularly.
- In summer mint plant should be watered daily. In winter waver the plants as per the moisture levels.
- Over watering or under watering may spoil the taste of mint leaves.
Sunlight for Growing Mint in Containers
- Mint plants grow well in full sun to partial shade.
- Provide 5 to 6 hours of sunlight during growing season.
- Mid sun in heavy summer seasons can harm the plants, during high summers place the container in the shade.
- If grown in indoors, plants need full light for growing. Place them near windows or growing lights.
Fertilizers for Growing Mint in Containers
- Mint plants are low feeders.
- For mint grown in containers needs mild feed.
- Feed the plants with balanced mild liquid fertilizer plants emerged with 4 to 5 sets new leaves. Apply fertilizer for every four to six weeks during the growing season.
- For the best growth in containers, top dress plants with a thin layer of compost or organic fertilizer every 2 months.
- Feed with natural composts or egg shells for healthy growth of leaves.
Pests and Diseases in Growing Mint in Containers
- Common pests attack mint plants are aphids, cutworms, thrips, white flies, and spider mites.
- Use any organic or natural pesticides to get rid of pests.
- Organic neem oil or horticultural sprays are recommended. Use homemade remedies like Epsom salt or garlic oil to treat common pests.
- Diseases that affect mint are powdery mildew, Rust, leaf spot, Anthracnose, and stem canker.
- Overhead watering and wet foliage can cause fungal growth on leaves, so to protect plants from fungal diseases, don’t water the leaves, water only at the base.
- Cutting back the affected foliage or complete foliage and making plant to is the best method to control diseases.
- Frequent harvesting protects plants from many diseases.
Harvesting and Storage for Growing Mint in Containers
- Mint leaves can be harvested twice or thrice in a growing season.
- Mint leaves should be harvested in the morning.
- Frequent harvesting increases the production of leaves.
- Young leaves are tastier than old ones, harvest when they are young.
- Mint leaves are best when they are fresh, leaves can stay fresh when you can keep the sprigs of mint in water for a few days.
Tips for Growing Mint In Containers
- Choose a location where the plant receives morning sun and afternoon shade.
- Mint can be planted any time in a cool, moist soil during spring or fall seasons.
- Don’t plant mint in shallow container, the roots may spread-out from draining holes.
- Harvest the mint leaves before the plant starts flowering.
- Mulch protects the plants from spreading and keeps the soil moist.
- Mints thrive in well drained light soil.
- Some varieties of mint plants need protection from direct sun.
- More fertilizers can spoil the taste of mint leaves.
- Best companion plants for mint are cabbage and tomatoes.
- Growing mint in containers should be fed with organic fertilizers.
- Pinching promotes the mint plants bushy.
- Growing mint in containers needs regular watering.
- Mint can be grown indoor throughout the winter season.
- Mint plants grow well in partial shade, with rich moist soil.
- Don’t water the mint leaves, water only at the bottom to avoid fungal diseases.