Growing Moringa In Pots:
The following information about Growing Moringa in Pots / Containers.
Introduction to Growing Moringa In Pots (Drumstick)
These trees are resistant free, fast-growing trees native to India, and widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. The Moringa tree also popularly known as “Drumstick Trees”. Usually the bark of the Moringa tree has a whitish gray color surrounded by thick cork. young trees, pods and leaves are used as vegetables. Young shoots have purplish or greenish-white bark. This tree has an open crown of droppings, fragile branches and leave build up a feather foliage of tripinnate leaves. Flowers of the trees have yellow whitish petals, the grow on slender, hairy stalks in spreading flower clusters to a length of 10 to 25cm.
Moringa trees start flowering within six months of planting. In cool regions, tree flowers once in a year in April and June. In constant temperatures and rainfall areas, flowering happens twice in a year or round the year. The Moringa trees are propagated from both the cutting and seeds. The Moringa trees are successfully grown in container, pots, backyards, balconies, terrace, and in home gardens.
The moringa trees are cultivated for its leaves, pods, and kernels of oil extraction and water purification. The yields of the tree depend upon the climate, fertilization and variety. Moringa Trees grow well in warm and dry weathers. If you are growing from cuttings, harvesting period will be around 6-8 months. Moringa Trees are a rich source of vitamins, proteins and minerals.
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- Scientific Name: Moringa Oleifera.
- Common Name: Moringa, drumstick trees
- Family: Moringa Trees belong to the family of Moringaceae.
Moringa in Indian Languages:
- English: Drumstick.
- Tamil: Muringakkai.
- Malayalam: Muringakkaa/Muringakka.
- Telugu: Munnakaya/Munagakayalu/ Mulaku Kada/Munaga.
- Kannada: Neggekai.
- Hindi: Sajjan Ki phalli/ Saigan/Shinga/Segva/Sehijjan.
- Bengali: Sejane.
- Gujarathi: Sargavani Shing/ Saragavo/Suragavo.
- Konkani: Masingasaang/Moska Saang.
- Marathi: Shevaga/Sheng/ Sheerenga.
- Oria: Sajana Chhuin.
- Punjabi: Savonjna.
- Tulu: Nurge.
Moringa Species Growing in Pots
There are 13 species of Moringa trees, Moringa Drouhardii, Moringa Stenopetal, MoringaHildebrandtii, Moringa Ovalifolia, Moringa Peregrina, Moringa Concanensis, Moringa Rivae, Moringa Rusoppliana, Moringa Aroborea, Moringa Borziana, Moringa Pgmaea, Moringa Longituba. These are Moringa species frown in different regions of the world.
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What Types of Moringa Grown in Pots/Containers/Backyard?
If you are interested in growing Moringa Trees at home and running short of space, let’s grow it in a container, but how to grow a big full-grown, full-blown Moringa Trees tree?
Dwarf-Size Moringa or Moringa Trees, tree is a special compact variety Moringa Tree grown in pots. Dwarf Moringa/Moringa Trees grow to a height up to 4-6 meters. Unlike other morning trees, these dwarf varieties will remain and grow short. This variety is well suited for container or pot growing. It grows well in cooler climates. It produces pods twice in a year and has good fruiting and good adaptability. Harvesting period will be from 6 months to 1 year. you can get seeds or cutting from nurseries or online stores.
Steps for Growing Moringa in Pots
Moringa Trees in container are very easy to grow and the need very less maintenance.
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The Best Climate for Growing Moringa In Pots
- The Moringa Trees grow well in warm to hot climates, Moringa is a tropical to subtropical plant.
- In tropical and subtropical regions, Moringa Trees produce pods round the year.
- The Moringa plants don’t well in cold climates.
- April to June are the best months to sow seeds.
Suitable Pots for Growing Moringa In Pots
- The Moringa Trees have deep tap root system.
- So, you need a deep pot, ideal pot for growing Moringa Tree is 20 inch pot or growing bags. These are pretty much comfortable to grow Moringa Trees.
- Or you can grow it in a small pot size of 6 to 7 inches and then replace to a bigger pot as the plant reaches a certain height.
- But transplantation should be done early before the roots get too strong you feel tough to replace.
- The pot should have a good draining system.
- We can use plastic/ whiskey barrels/ garbage containers/ growing bags/clay pots or any other container with good draining system.
- Place a filtering mesh at the bottom of the pot controls dripping of the soil and a small layer of gravel or cracked pottery will help drain water without logging.
Planting Method Growing Moringa In Pots from Seeds
- Fill the pots with potting mix, leaving 2-inch place between the rim and surface of the soil.
- One pot can hold 2 to 3 dwarf Moringa trees. Sow 4 to 5 seeds in case some seeds don’t sprout.
- Dig 1-inch deep holes at the center of the pot. Start sowing each seed in each hole and cover them with soil loosely.
- Water the plant moderately and place the pot in a sunny location.
- A dwarf Moringa plant takes a couple of weeks to sprout / germinate.
- Once the plant reaches to 4 to 5 inches, start giving them some organic or natural compost as feed.
- When the plant has at least two layers of branches, it’s time to prune.
- Prune the tops of the seedlings and cut them to half length. Pruning keeps the plant bushy and short.
Growing Moringa in Pots from Cuttings
- Growing Moringa Trees from cutting fastest method to Moringa.
- To grow Moringa from cuttings, select a hard wood instead of green wood.
- Cutting should be in a diameter of 1 to 2 inches and length should be 4 to 6 meters.
- If the cutting has any branches prune them off.
- Fill the pot with the potting soil and dig a hole at the center of the pot.
- Plant the cutting and pack the soil firmly around the base of the plant.
- Give granular or liquid, mild fertilizer after plantings the cutting.
- Water the plant moderately and place the pot in sunny and low wind place.
- Give some organic manure or natural manure for every 2 weeks.
How to Transplant Moringa (Nursery grown or re-potting) in pots?
- While transplanting Moringa plants into pots, you should cut the main tap root.
- The tap root will grow into the deep of the container for water. So, prune the tap root to control the growth root.
- Before you transplant, it is compulsory to cut the roots.
- Trees without pruned tap root will not grow well in containers.
- Now fill the container with potting mix and organic compost. And dig 3 to 4 inch-deep hole in the middle of the container and plant Moringa plant.
- Don’t water for 1 week and place it in a bright area without direct sunlight for 1 week.
- After a week water the plant and place in outdoor in direct sunlight.
Water Requirements for Growing Moringa In Pots
- The Moringa tree doesn’t love water, the just need very less water.
- The leaves of the Moringa plant turn yellow when they receive more water.
- Just maintain the minimum moisture levels in the soil, don’t make the soil too wet can cause root rot in Moringa Trees.
- Water trees once or twice in a week at the growing stage when the tree starts expanding branches.
- Giving less water at regular intervals make our Moringa plant lovely and healthy.
- In summer and dry season water the trees daily depending on moisture in the soil, add a thin layer of mulch to save soil from drying.
- During sprouting period seedlings are bit fragile, so seedling should be watered very lightly.
- When the Moringa Tree is grown from a cutting, don’t water the stem of the plant.
- The Moringa can survive in very dry conditions with very less water.
- In winter, the plant doesn’t need water much, water them in for every 15 days.
Sunlight for Growing Moringa in Pots
- The Moringa trees require full sunny to part shade.
- Newly planted Moringa Trees should be placed in a bright location, not in direct sunlight.
- After six weeks you can place the pot in direct sunlight.
Fertilizers for Growing Moringa In Pots
- Moringa Trees are less feeder, they don’t need any fertilizers.
- Feed the plants with organic compost or natural compost.
- Commercial organic manure with good nutrients and well rotted compost are best for Moringa Trees. Apply organic manure to trees once or twice in a month for more yields.
- Natural composts like tea composts or vegetable and fruit compost are also a good feed for the trees. Giving natural feed for every two weeks promotes growth of branches.
- Giving a balanced NPK(10-10-10) at time of transplanting trees will make roots firm and strong.
- Giving ammonium sulfate once in a month, will improve the growth of the plant.
- Fish emulsion can also be good feed that has rich set minerals that produces yields.
- If the leaves turn yellow, it indicates that the plant needs some magnesium. Magnesium can be given in the form of Epsom salts or powdered egg shells or dolomite.
Best Location for Growing Moringa In Pots
- Moringa Trees love warm climates. Place the pots in a sunny location where it gets at least 4-5 hours of sunlight.
- The Location you choose shouldn’t be windy. Winds can break young branches or can spoil the blooms.
Pinching and Pruning in Growing Moringa In Pots
- Ideal germination period of Moringa seeds is about 10 to 15 days.
- To keep the Moringa plant short and bushy, you just need to pinch off the tips.
- Pinching the tips will encourage the lateral branches to shoot out and prevent the plant from growing taller.
- Pruning is compulsory if growing Moringa in pots. Pruning increases the foliage and blooming.
- Pruned stems are used for growing other Moringa Trees.
- Pruning should be done every week, pruned leaves can be used in cooking.
- Pruned branched can be chopped into small bits are used as mulch for Moringa tree.
Pests and diseases in Growing In Pots
- The Moringa trees are not much affected by any diseases.
- The Moringa tree pest resistant, some pests that attack Moringa tree are termites, and nematodes.
- Some other rear pests are bark-eating caterpillars, bud worms, aphids, fruit flies, and green leaf caterpillars.
- For termites use a mulch of castor oil plant leaves or terphrosia leaves.
- Root rot diseases can affect Moringa tree if you are living in a very wet climate.
- If you see any sap sucking insects on the leaves, just cut off affected branches and throw away from the plant.
- Just use some organic pesticides like Neem oil or mild horticultural oil to control these pests.
- Don’t spray any chemical pesticides to Moringa Trees, it totally affects the plant growth.
Harvesting for Growing Moringa In Pots
- Moringa trees produce pods once or twice in a year.
- Moringa trees grown from cutting or transplants can produce pods within 6 months.
- Harvest the pods when they are ½ inch diameter and come off easily.
- Harvesting of Moringa pods for consumption, young pods have great taste and older pods have a tough cover with white seeds and flesh will be edible until the start ripening.
- Young green leaves can have harvested whenever you need for cooking.
- Want to harvest seeds to extract oil, you should allow the pods to dry till they turn brown on the tree itself. Harvest the pods when they are ready to split off.
Tips for Growing Moringa In Pots
- Soaking seeds of Moringa for 24 hours before sowing can fasten the germination.
- Moringa seeds have high germination rates, the can sprout round the year.
- The Moringa trees don’t love water, they love sunlight a lot. Over watering will reduce the production of fruits.
- The Moringa plant grown from seeds will take more time to yield fruits, growing Moringa from cutting will grow soon and produce fruits.
- Moringa grows well in all varieties of soils, even in poor soils, but using a commercial potting mix with rich organic matter helps the tree to grow faster with high yields.
- Growing Moringa trees in pots is very easy, till you keep the soil moist and allow the soil to dry a little once in a week.
- Best container for growing Moringa are plastic pots or geo pots.
- Moringa Trees can be grown under the covers or indoors for short periods of time to protect from cold weather.
- Moringa Trees start blooming within six months of planting and sometimes the bloom twice in a year.
- Moringa is suitable for dry regions and it can be grown in rainy areas in pots.