Introduction to Tangerines
Today, let us provide information on Growing Tangerines and Cultivation Practices.
The Tangerines are one of the species of Orange. The DNA of the Orange, Mandarins, and Tangerines are the same. The Tangerines are small and less rounded in size and shape. The Tangerines are originated from the genus of Citrus. The Tangerines belong to the Rutaceae family. Tangerines are scientifically named as Citrus Tangerina. The citrus fruits also include Grapefruit, Limes, Lemons, Citrons, Mandarins, and Pummelo. These have originated in the regions of Southeast Africa, where the areas have tropical and subtropical climatic conditions.
Characteristics of Tangerines:
- The plant grows up to 15 – 20 inches of height.
- The leaves are oblong in shape and they are placed alternately to the stems. They are green in color
- The flowering takes place in the month of February, June, and October.
- The fruit is orange-yellow in color and circular in shape.
- The seeds of the small in size and also they are white in color.
Properties of Tangerines:
Nutrients that are present in Tangerines are
- Fat: 0.31 g
- Energy: 53kcal
- Protein: 0.81 g
- Carbohydrates: 13.34 g
- Minerals: Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc, Sodium, Iron, Potassium, Phosphorus, and Manganese
- Vitamins: Vitamin (C, E)
Varieties of Tangerines:
- Clementine or Algerian Tangerine
- Honey or Murcott
- Dancy or Dancy Tangerine
- Mediterranean or Willow Leaf
Soil and Climate requirements for Tangerine Production:
The soil, which is rich, can be used for Growing Tangerines. We can also use the sandy soils for growing Tangerines with high drainage capability the pH level of the soil will be about 6.0 – 7.5. You should avoid using the clay or wet soils for Growing Tangerines.
For Growing Tangerines, we need a Subtropical and Tropical climate. For better growth of the plants, we need to provide a hot climate in summer and mild cold climate in the winter season. The temperature, which is required for Growing Tangerines are 12˚C – 37˚C.
Read: Carambola Cultivation.
Land preparation and Planting of Tangerines:
All the unwanted weeds, pebbles, stones, and also the unwanted materials of the previous should be removed. Then the land should be plowed for 2 – 3 times as it will attain the fine tilth and smooth texture following by the plowing, the harrowing and levelling should be done. For land, we should use 5 kg each pit should be filled with a mixture of soil and also manure.
The pits should be of dimensions with 50 cm * 50 cm * 50 cm. For these plants, we need to give so more space than the other crop.
Propagation method of Tangerines:
The propagation can be done by using the seeds and T-budding. The budding should be done in the month of January or Beginning of February. The seedlings will set and can be transplanted in the season of monsoon.
Manure and Fertilization for Tangerine Trees:
Firstly, the soil should be farmyard manure to the plants. The manure should be mixed with soil. The fertilizers which are used for the soil are Nitrogen: Phosphorus: Potassium @ 150:50:25. We may need to add some micronutrients like copper, boron, manganese, iron, and molybdenum.
Irrigation methods for Tangerines:
In the first few years, we should give consistent water to the plants. During the first year, we should provide irrigation to the soil, if the mulch is dry, then we need to give 7 gallons of water for the plant. The irrigation should be done as per the growth of plants and also fruit yield. The salt levels should be low when we use the water. For reducing the use of the water we can also use drip or sprinkler irrigation can be used. In summer, the irrigation should be given frequently whenever the soil will be dry. In winter and rainy season, the irrigation should be given less frequently, for every 10 – 15 days.
Intercultural methods of Tangerines:
The weeding should be done regularly; at least it should be done 2 – 3 times in a month. In the initial stages, the weeding is very important as this will harm the growing plants more effectively. The weeding can be done by using weedicides or herbicides or these can be done manually. The herbicides like Simazine or Diuron this will control the growth of the weeds.
Theses pruned material and weeds can be used for mulching as this will help the crop. The soil of the crop will conserve moisture and which is more helpful for the plants.
The unwanted materials like leaves, stems, twigs, branches that are dead can be removed this will help in establishing the good quality of fruits and also good yield.
Read: Dairy Management Practices.
These Tangerines will be intercropped with nuts, peas, soybean, and beans. This will help the farmer to improve the economic background and also it helps in promoting good growth of the Tangerines crops.
This fruit thinning will help us to get good color and also the good quality of fruits.
Flowering Season of Tangerines:
The flowering takes place in the month of February, June, and October.
Pest and Diseases control measures of Tangerines:
The pests that affect the tangerines crops are:
The pests can be destroyed by spraying the insecticides like Dimethoate, Phosphamidon, and Monocrotophos.
The Diseases that affect the Tangerines crops are:
- Collar Rot
- Twig blight
These can be controlled by spraying Benomyl, Ridomil, and Bavistin.
Harvesting techniques in Growing Tangerines:
In general, these fruits can be harvested after 240 – 280 days. Once, the fruits attain good color, size and smell then we need to harvest the fruits from the tree. We need to avoid the harvesting in rainy seasons or in winters. The harvesting of the fruits should be done as by using the harvesting tools like shears or clippers.
Post-harvesting techniques in Growing Tangerines:
Cleaning: After they are harvested they should be treated with the Bavistin, and they should be washed and cleaned thoroughly.
Sorting: The tangerines should be sorted as per the size and shape.
Grading: The tangerines should be graded as per there color and quality.
Storage: These can be stored in a temperature of 8 – 10C and also the relative humidity should be 90 – 95 %.
Packing: The packing should be done carefully, in carton boxes.
Transportation: These should be transported very carefully.
The yield of Tangerines:
The average yield of the tangerines from a tree is 500 – 600 fruits. During the first year, the yield of the fruits will be less. Gradually, the yield will be increased year by year from the 8th year the yield will increase gradually.