Methi Growing (Fenugreek Leaves) In Pots:
The following article is all about Methi Growing in Pots or Containers.
Introduction To Growing Methi in Pots
Fenugreek which is also known as Methi is an annual plant with leaves consisting of 3 small obovate to oblong leaflets. Basically, Methi is grown throughout the world as a semiarid crop. Methi seeds and leaves are common ingredients of South Asian dishes. Methi (Fenugreek) is leafy vegetable famous for its medical values, Methi is cultivated for both cooking and medicinal. Methi is originated from Mediterranean region and widely grown in Europe and Asia. Methi belongs to the family of Fabaceae family- means a flowering plant that produced edible seeds its scientific name is TrigonellaFoenum-Graecum.
Seeds and leaves of Methi are very good for health and add good flavor and taste to your food. Methi leaves are the good source of magnesium, iron, calcium etc. It is greatly used in medicinal as it helps in cleansing the chest and lungs. Methi leaves have a bitter taste, which some people avoid using. But all the parts of Methi used, Methi seeds are best spice used in the kitchen for its amazing health benefits, fresh Methi leaves are used for cooking many delicious recipes are made with Methi. Dried Methi leaves used as herbs.
Growing Methi yourself could be a great idea, it can be grown in indoors in containers or pots. Let us go in detail of Methi Growing in Pots or Methi Growing in Containers.
Common Names of Methi (Fenugreek)
English: Fenugreek Leaves.
Kannada: Menthina Soppu.
Hindi: Methi Sag.
Bengali: Methi Sag / Kasuri Methi.
Konkani: Methi Pallo.
Tamil: Venthiya Keerai.
Malayalam: Uluva Ila.
Oriya: Methi Sag.
Tips for Methi Growing in Pots
Seeds: Fenugreek seeds should be soaked for 12-24 hours before planting them. Soak the seeds in a bowl at room temperature which promotes the fast growth of plants. Drain the water before sowing the seeds.
Pots: There are different types of pots in markets in different shapes. These pots are less expensive made of clay, plastic or stones. You should prefer the pots that are wide and deep.
Soil: Soil you use should slightly acidic to neutral (with pH 6 to 7 pH) mixed with high-quality compost. The soil you use should be well-drained with no lumps or rocks in it. Methi seeds should be kept in moist, so water can easily drain away from the soil. For making soil well drained you mix the soil with river sand and then can add the organic compost material and manure that improves healthy growth of the plant.
Make sure that you leave enough space between the top of the soil and edge of the pot, which is needed to cover the soil on the top of the seeds.
Seed Planting for Methi Growing in Pots
- Methi leaves will reach a height about half a meter, 50 to 70 cm.
- You should sow seeds about ¼ inch deep in the pot.
- Methi seeds should be planted densely, you can just sprinkle the seeds on the surface of planting bed.
- Now cover the seed with a thin layer of soil approximately ¼ inch of them to protect it from birds pecking.
Sowing Techniques for Methi Growing in Pots
There are two methods of sowing seeds. One is Mass Planting and other is row planting.
- For mass sowing, seeds should be sprinkled evenly and covered with soil and pressed carefully.
- In row planting, seeds are sown in a row about 5 mm apart. After sowing seeds, pat the soil down.
How and When to Water the Methi Plants
- You should water plants depending on the soil quality. If soil unable to hold the water, you should water the plants every day. You should let the soil dry out between the watering periods. Water then as per the soil moisture content. Overwatering may spoil the roots of the plants. Water the Methi plants at the early hours of the day.
- Seeds should be watered in a slow, steady method which makes water to penetrate the soil deeper and more effectively. Don’t pour water directly which may disturb the seeds. You should water the planting bed without overflow. Make sure that the pots you use should have a good draining facility. So that excess water can be drained easily.
Climate Requirement for Methi Growing in Pots
- The warm and hot climate is good for growing Methi.
- Temperature range for growing Methi: 50°F to 90°F.
- Spring is the best season to growing Methi seeds. All seasons are good for growing Methi leaves.
Sunlight Required for Methi Growing in pots
- Place your pots or containers for at least 4 hours of sun with shade in afternoon.
Fertilizers Required for Methi Growing in Pots
- Methi plants don’t require fertilizers, you can use mix manure or compost in soil while planting.
Pests and Diseases in Methi Growing in Pots
Methi does not have many pests and diseases. Aphids, powdery mildew, charcoal rot and root rot are some pests that can attacks pests. These pests are controlled by many organic pesticides and proper watering.
Germination Of Methi Seeds in Methi Growing in Pots
- Methi seeds take 3 to 4 days to germinate after sowing. Sometimes times it takes a week to germinate.
- Methi leaves take 20 days to harvest after germination, And for Methi seeds it harvesting time is 2 to 4 months.
- Methi leaves are harvested till the plant starts blooming. Once the plants become sturdy and toughen up for reproduction, they acquire a bitter taste.
- You can harvest the leaves 3 to 4 times before the plants take to bloom. Cut the leaves till one-third of the leaves from each plant and you can allow rest of the plant to grow. This process improves the branching and increases the flowering and seed pod production.
Harvesting the Methi Leaves
- First Harvesting: Methi leaves will be ready for 1st harvest within 20 days.
- Twigs will grow up again within 15 days.
- You harvest a plant for four times.
- To harvest seeds, it takes 2 to 3 months. Methi plants grow too thin, long pods initially and they die naturally. Now pods are ready to harvest after the plant dries and turns yellow.
- Collect the delicate pods, separate the seeds from the pods carefully.
Replanting for Methi Growing in Pots
Many varieties of Methi plants do not regrow after flowering. For a constant supply of Methi leaves, you should plant the seeds for every 2 to 3 weeks at the exact time the current plants will die. If you are planning to reuse the same pot, you need to pull up the remains of the plants after harvesting and compost them.