Urban Beekeeping Business For Beginners:
The following al all about Urban Beekeeping Business.
Is Urban Beekeeping a Profitable Business?
The sound of honey bees humming in a hive, occupied with pollinating the garden by stopping at every flower available and delivering sweet brilliant nectar, is sufficient to fulfill the wants of numerous urban beekeepers. Turning into a beekeeper could keep you as busy as a honey bee. To make money out of honey from a concrete jungle needs patience, preparedness, and passion. A city is full of big tall buildings and concrete skyscrapers where honeybees demonstrated if they can make it in a city like New York then they can make it anyplace. Many small entrepreneurs and beekeepers started putting up beehives either in their backyard or on the rooftops and started proving how beneficial it is for everyone.
Beekeeping is a practical demonstration that helps nature. This setup is likewise an extraordinary open door for fresh honey. One of a noted hotel in New York setup six beehives on their building rooftop deck and started serving fresh local honey in their gourmets for hotel guests. Starting a home-based urban beehive can become a hobby and a convenient business along with your regular job work. The honey which we get from stores is a complete processed while the cold-filtered raw honey is pure, tasty and the source of origin over price is highly appreciable.
Why Urban Beekeeping Business Practice
Keeping bee colonies in urban areas is a practice known as Urban Beekeeping also known as Backyard Beekeeping. There is a steady rise in part-time beekeepers in the US. Some of the part-time beekeepers became full-time beekeepers making good profits in due time. Some home beekeepers started with a thought to get some unprocessed fresh honey while watching it being made. Being fascinated while learning about the bees and how to manage them, they soon started increasing more colonies, more honey, and more revenues. Most urban people have their own small container gardening in their home backyard or on the rooftop. With the availability of so many such small home gardens, open parks, or public gardens is what requires honey bees to gather nectar to produce honey. Honey bees not only provide honey but also helpful in pollinate flowers to vegetables and fruits in all such small home gardens in the urban localities. A healthy colony of honeybees can produce about 40 to 50 kg honey per year on a part-time.
Life inside a Beehive in Urban Beekeeping Business
Taking a look at life inside a colony, it can be hard to understand what is happening. What’s going on with the honey bees? What and why are they doing it? How would they arrange themselves? Every bit in the beehive is intriguing to grasp all the activities in the initial days. Bees are social creatures and work closely accomplishing day to day tasks for their colony survival without any monitoring.
Types of Bees Living in a Beehive: There are three primary sorts of honey bee that live in a hive.
- Queen Bee in Urban Beekeeping Business
: At the top is the queen in the hierarchy. The queen is distinguished by her midriff region; the abdomen is essentially bigger than any other honey bee in the hive. Key to the hive, the queen bee is upheld by a great many female workers. Worker bees nourish future queen bee’s larva with protein-rich secretion known as a royal jelly that it will become reproductively mature when grown. When hatched, the queen bee destroys other potential rival queens that are not yet hatched. After destroying the rivals it takes its first maiden mating flight and holds sperm from the male drones to lay eggs for the next three to five years. Throughout her life, it lays eggs and secretes a pheromone which will keep other females sterile in the hive.
- Worker Bee in Urban Beekeeping Business: The most occupants in a beehive are the worker bees. They are the bees that have stingers and with a life expectancy about 40 to 45 days. There are so many in thousands that will support and look after the entire activity in the hive. They work so hard and tirelessly by tending the eggs and larvae in each cell. Apart from laying eggs and mating, they do all the works. Their roles are based on their age. Young workers look after and feed the bee larvae as a nurse bee. Their role includes processing the nectar, disposing of dead larvae, fanning the hive, capping the honey, feeding the queen and drone, queen attendants, water carriers, building honeycomb and pollen-packing. Older worker bees go out to gather nectar for the colony to survive. Below are the roles played by worker bees age wise:
- Cell Cleaning – (1-2 days).
- Nurse Bee – (3-11 days).
- Mortuary Bee – (3-16 days).
- Drone Feeding – (4-12 days).
- Queen Attendants – (7-12 days).
- Wax Production – (12-17days).
- Pollen-Packing – (12-18 days).
- Fanning – (12-18 days).
- Guard Bees – (18-21 days).
- Honey Sealing – (12-35 days).
- Honeycomb Building – (12-35 days).
- Foraging Bees – (22-42 days).
- Drone Bee in Urban Beekeeping Business: Male bees are the product of unfertilized eggs having big eyes and they are not stinger bees. The only job of the male honey bee is to vie for mating with the queen and just around 20 or so will succeed. The succeeded ones will soon die because their reproductive organs and other abdominal parts are ripped from the drone’s body. Drones do no work and in the early harvest time they are removed by the workers and kicked out from the hive.
Feeding in Urban Beekeeping Business
Artificial Feeding in Urban Beekeeping Business: Honey bees don’t visit every flower. They visit only flowers having sufficient pollen and nectar (non-dangerous to them) and it ought to be inside their travel scope. In this manner, the honey bee flora of a specific area is essential for the honey bee industry. As our project is aimed in urban regions, there will be a shortage of nectar and pollen in the concrete jungle and the stock of the bee food may not be adequate in the hive, at that point artificial feeding becomes imperative. The dearth periods shift from area to area in this nation. On the off chance that the honey bees are not fed artificially amid shortage period, they begin starving and diminishing, wander and at last slip away. White sugar syrup is a shoddy substitute of nectar yet no pollen substitutes have been attempted in this nation albeit diverse pollen substitutes have been discovered and are used in other nations.
Artificial Feed Preparation in Urban Beekeeping Business: Preparing artificial feed is easy. Dissolve100 grams of white sugar in 150-200 ml of water; boil the water along with sugar for a couple of minutes followed by cooling. The prepared sugar syrup is placed in 400 ml glass-container with their mouth canvassed with a mark in fabric held firmly with an elastic band or string. The syrup bottle is placed upside down in the beehive super box with or without an inner cover. The bee colonies are fed in the evenings once in two days. The bee colonies must be fed well during the dearth period.
Drinking Water in Urban Beekeeping Business: Clean and fresh water must be available near to beehive which is essential. Bees use water in many ways; they use water to cool the hive by fanning and to blend food.
Hive Health Management in Urban Beekeeping Business
Honey bees know their duties well and each bee is too busy with beehive chores then for what reason do they need human intervention to oversee them? Having a good healthy hive with healthy bees they most likely needn’t bother with any overseeing. All it needs is to keep an eye on them a few times each month to ensure all is going well. At certain circumstances, if a hive isn’t working out quite as well as they ought to be for any number of reasons they may require a little help.
In times of bad climate can have an exceptionally adverse impact on a hive of honey bees and they will be unable to get the nectar and pollen for their survival. At that point, you do need to enable them by feeding them with sugar water or maybe pollen substitute. Below is information and to understand the beehive management activity on a monthly basis:
- January: Place the beehives facing south side to protect from the north wind. This is the time to order bee packages and wrap the hive with tarpaper to reduce wind infiltration.
- February: You can see some activity started inside the hive. There is a small cluster of bees that stay in the corner of the hive and you can move the frames with honey near the cluster. The queen will shortly start laying eggs.
- March: This is the crucial month in beekeeping. Queen starts laying eggs. Check the hive to clean, remove any dead bees and keep the entrance clear.
- April: Prepare for new bees.
- May: This will be the most active period in the year. Queen has been laying eggs and the hive is full in activity mode. Provide enough room for bees to grow by keeping honey supers ready. Give a final cleaning check in the hive.
- June: Time for new honey bee colony formation. So, watch for honey bee swarming. To avoid swarming you can move the queen forming larvae frame to another beehive colony that is in need. Time to be ready to add supers in the hive; it’s the time honeybees complete super in no time.
- July: This is the busy time for beekeepers. Extract honey from the supers and replace those supers that are full. Keep the bees to work by adding new supers. Place mothballs without naphtha to keep wax moth as these pests can destroy the business production.
- August: Extract honey and wax from the full ones and replace with empty supers.
- September: Check the beehive supers that have wax moth or wax moth larvae. Isolate the infected frames and keep them in deep freezing temperatures to destroy wax moth larvae. Check hives for diseases and treat them immediately if found.
- October: Install pest controllers such as mouse guards and check for mites.
- November to December: Install insulation board with homosote material on top of inner cover which will absorb water vapor. Excess moisture must be removed in the hive by allowing enough ventilation. Check the equipment and repair those that need to be fixed.
Harvesting Honey in Urban Beekeeping Business
Tools Required for Removing Honey in Urban Beekeeping Business: Bee escape, fume pad, Honey extractor, bee suit, hive tools, hot electric knife, bucket, cappings scratcher, filter, smoker, and containers.
Removing Frames in Urban Beekeeping Business: Before you start removing frames from the beehive especially those who are beginners must ensure to a wear bee suit. Bee suit will protect any attack while removing as bees will be agitated while you are taking away their honey. Place a bee escape for bees to travel in one direction in the inner cover of your hive between the brood chamber and honey super a day before you want to harvest. Bee Quick can also be used as it acts as a repellant. But it’s recommended not to use as bees may leave the hive if Bee Quick is not removed within a short period of time. Remove those frames that are fully capped and those that are not capped should not be extracted, as the moisture content will not be optimum.
Removing Wax Cappings in Urban Beekeeping Business: Use a heated knife for a quick process. Remove wax cappings from the frames by slicing the top wax portion. Once all frames are ready without wax, they are ready for honey extraction. Few beekeepers wait till all frames are waxed to extract honey all at a time while some extracted honey from those frames that are waxed. The removed wax must be stored separately and not discarded as they can be marketed as raw materials for candles, lotions, creams, lip balms and more.
Extracting Honey in Urban Beekeeping Business: Place the frames properly in the extractor and begin to spin the frames slowly and gradually increasing the speed. Change the sides of the frames when one side gets empty and repeat the process. While spinning the honey is spilled out on the walls of the extractor and slowly drips and collected down the extractor. By opening the gates of the extractor honey begins to flow out and is passed through 400 to 600-micron filters. Filters remove any wax or other particles and the filtered honey can be stored in airtight containers ready for marketing.
Economics in Urban Beekeeping Business
Non-Recurring Expenditure in Urban Beekeeping Business (in Rs.):
|1||Cost of 10 hives @Rs.1000/hive||10,000|
|2||Cost of 10 bee box @ Rs.500/hive||5,000|
|3||Hive stand @ Rs.150 for 10 boxes||1,500|
|4||Honey extractor, smoker, and other appliances||2,000|
Recurring Expenditure in Urban Beekeeping Business (in Rs.):
|1||Cost of sugar @ 2kg /box @ Rs.18/kg||360|
|2||Comb foundation sheet 2kg @ 150/kg||300|
|3||Interest for non-recurring amount @ 10%||1,850|
|4||Depreciation @ 10%||1,850|
|5||Cost of Colonies @ Rs. 300/colony||3,000|
Income in Urban Beekeeping Business (in Rs.):
|1||Realization through honey yield @ 3.5 kg/colony @ 300/kg||10,500|
|2||Realization through bee wax @ 5 kg/colony @ 350/kg||17,500|
|Net Income 1st Year = Recurring Cost + Non-Recurring Cost – Income||1140|
|Net Income 2nd Year = Recurring Cost – Income||19,640|
Note: This is an estimation report for understanding the economics for 10 colonies. Prices of materials may differ from region to region. From the second year onwards does not require Non-recurring materials.
Conclusion in Urban Beekeeping Business
While there is money making in the urban beekeeping business (part-time). By beginning with a small colony, setting aside the opportunity to learn appropriate beekeeping techniques and putting in the fundamental research, you may, in the long run, have more colonies with more honey and bee wax to do more business with more profits. As a beginner start promoting to your inner circle—your family, colleagues, and companions and once they discover how tasty, fresh unadulterated honey tastes, it may involve little time before others start placing orders.
Bottom Line Urban Beekeeping Business: The success rate varies from person to person. However, there are many Honey Bee Farming Training centers where you can get all the information. Honey Bee Farming In Tamil Nadu, Honey Bee Farming In Andhra Pradesh, Honey Bee Farming In Telangana, Honey Bee Farming In Kerala, Honey Bee Farming In Maharashtra, Honey Bee Farming In Karnataka, Honey Bee Farming In Uttar Pradesh, Honey Bee Farming In Madhya Pradesh, Honey Bee Farming In West Bengal are in rising. Apart from this, Urban Beekeeping Buinsess increasing every year.
Read: Goat Farming Business.